Airgun Slug Ballistic Coefficients – The First HAM Results
For some time now, HAM has been working to generate a list of airgun slug Ballistic Coefficients. Today we’re able to present the first results.
The first HAM airgun slug Ballistic Coefficients are for .22 slugs as these are currently the most widely available. As with our pellet Ballistic Coefficients, they are generated using a structured, standardized procedure. This makes them comparable to each other for maximum benefit.
HAM airgun slug BCs are the result of experimental testing. We use a test protocol very similar to that used for our industry-leading pellet BC tests. This means the same test location, the same shooters, Labradar velocity measurements and a similar airgun. In fact, we’re using – courtesy of FX Airguns USA – a new FX Impact X Mark II with Power Plenum. This gives the additional power required when shooting airgun slugs.
One important change is that we are using a new spreadsheet to calculate the Ballistic Coefficients. This has been written specially by HAM Technical Editor Bob Sterne and generates a improved level of accuracy for the BC values compared to our previous calculator.
We’ll be rolling-out the results from Bob’s new BC calculator across all our existing BC data soon. This airgun slug Ballistic Coefficients table is the first example of its use. The result will be some improvements in BC values for a relatively small number of pellets, (mostly in .177 caliber), as we’ll see in the near future.
Meanwhile – drum roll, please – here’s the slug BCs that many of you have been waiting-for!
.22 Caliber Airgun Slug Ballistic Coefficients
|MAKER||NAME (If red, click for full HAM review)||WEIGHT||HEAD DIAMETER||BALLISTIC COEFFICIENT||SECTIONAL DENSITY||FORM FACTOR||MUZZLE VELOCITY||30 YARD VELOCITY|
|Altaros||"Ridged" Slugs||31.0||.217||0.121||0.094||0.78||765 FPS||742 FPS|
|Altaros||"Smooth" Slugs||31.0||.217||0.119||0.094||0.79||749 FPS||726 FPS|
|Daystate||Howler||20.3||N/a||0.060||0.060||0.99||887 FPS||829 FPS|
|FX||Hybrid Slugs||22||0.217||0.086||0.077||0.89||856 FPS||803 FPS|
|JSB||Knock Out||25.39||0.217||0.086||0.077||0.89||827 FPS||790 FPS|
|H&N||Slug HP 21 Grain .217||21||0.217||0.070||0.064||0.91||890 FPS||838 FPS|
|H&N||Slug HP 23 Grain .217||23||0.217||0.075||0.070||0.93||860 FPS||815 FPS|
|H&N||Slugs HP 25 Grain .217||25||0.217||0.077||0.076||0.99||833 FPS||792 FPS|
|H&N||Slug HP 27 Grain .217||27||0.217||0.085||0.082||0.97||812 FPS||776 FPS|
|H&N||Slug HP 30 Grain||30||0.217||0.091||0.086||1.06||783 FPS||750 FPS|
|NSA||217-HS-HP-DB 275.325 Slugs||27.5||0.217||0.080||0.077||0.96||791 FPS||755 FPS|
|NSA||2165-HS-DB-17.5||17.5||0.2165||0.057||0.053||0.93||929 FPS||860 FPS|
|NSA||217-HS-HP-DB 24.8||24.8||0.217||0.073||0.075||1.04||824 FPS||782 FPS|
|ZAN||Projectiles||23.0||.217||0.072||0.070||0.97||842 FPS||797 FPS|
|ZAN||Projectiles||25.5||.217||0.075||0.077||1.04||809 FPS||769 FPS|
|ZAN||Projectiles||28.0||.217||0.080||0.085||1.06||778 FPS||742 FPS|
Although there are obviously differences in design between the various slugs: compared to airgun pellets, slugs are relatively similar in shape. So, if we take the .22 caliber airgun slug Ballistic Coefficients from the table above and plot them onto a graph, we can see an interesting overall relationship…
This structured HAM testing shows that – in general – the heavier the slug, the higher is likely to be its Ballistic Coefficient. For the same caliber, fired from the same gun, that is. The dotted line is a “line of best fit” running through the plots of weights and BCs for individual slugs.
So, if you’re looking for the highest BCs, you probably want the heaviest slugs. This relationship is clearly shown in the data table above if you compare the H&N slugs at different weights.
The downside? The heavier the slug, the more powerful your airgun needs to be to shoot them successfully over the long ranges where the higher BCs become important.
Slugs in general and heavy slugs in particular, are definitely for PCP airgun “power users” only! But remember that a higher BC does not necessarily translate into better accuracy.
Long range accuracy is a combination of the slug, airgun, environmental conditions, scope and the shooter. In other words, the complete shooting system, including you…
Note that we’ve tested (almost) all these “.22 caliber” slugs in .217-Inch body size. The only exception is the .2165 diameter NSA slugs.
Most slug manufacturers make their products in two diameters – for example .216 and .217, or .217 and .218. Almost certainly the difference between these nominal sizes will make so little difference to the BCs that it will be “lost in the noise”. That’s why we decided to produce BC values for just one diameter per caliber.
And note that all BC data is inherently variable. It depends on the velocity and atmospheric conditions, in particular.
So please use the HAM Ballistic Coefficients as a starting-point for your own sighting-in work, but be aware that the results will almost always be somewhat different for your own particular circumstances!
We’ll be posting this BC data in the HAM Ballistic Coefficients Page for general reference. Of course, we’ll be adding more slugs to it in future, together with ever more pellets. The world’s largest standardized database of airgun Ballistic Coefficient data continues to grow!